Informative Speech Reflective Journal

General Purpose: The purpose of my speech is to informmy classmates about the effects that pollution has.


Specific Purpose: To inform my audience


Central Idea: Pollution has many negative effects  on human beings and animals.




I.                     (Attention Grabber) Think of a very interesting story, an anecdote, a fact, a quote, a very rousing statement or question, a quick video clip, or pictures or graphics, etc. that you are sure will get your audience interested, excited, and enthusiastic about your speech.

For the attention grabber portion of my introduction I will include a specific picture of pollution and explain the picture.


II.                    (Reveal your topic) Strategically introduce your topic without saying, “My speech for today is about…” It is best that you relate your topic to the attention grabbing introduction that you have made.          

III.                          I would like to bring your attention to the topic to the matter of pollution.


V.                   (Establish Your Credibility) How credible are you to talk on the topic? What were your personal experiences, past endeavors or involvement, on-going or recent projects or research you have conducted, how much work or effort have you put into the subject matter or topic of your speech?

VI.                  I have seen pollution in my own eyes. I live in Northeast Philadelphia and I went to high school in Philadelphia and I have seen pollution in different neighborhoods and it is an eye sore to me. Most of the pollution I have seen is land pollution and I want to research it and explain to everybody in my class why it is such a problem in the U.S.


IV. (Relevancy Statement) State how relevant your speech is and how important it is for your audience to pay close attention to what you are going to tell, discuss, explain, narrate or show them during your speech.

                It is imperitive that my fellow students listen to my speech because pollution effects everyone and everything in the world.



V. (Preview of Main Points) (Tell your audience what are the main points covered in your speech in the order you are going to present them)




I. Main Point I (This is the 1st set of supporting ideas for your thesis or Central Idea)

   (Internal Preview: What's included in main point 1?

   A. (Subpoint-supports the main point)

        1. (S-SP)  Pollution should be considered as a major problem in the world today. Pollution has a major effect on the health of animals and humans in America and throughout the whole world. It also has an effect on the offspring of our children.

            a. (SSSP)

            b. (SSSP)

        2. (S-SP)


(TRANSITION:) Make a smooth transition: for example, give a summary statement of the first main point and relate this to the next one.


II. (Second Main Point–A Complete sentence) (This is the 2nd set of supporting ideas for your thesis or Central Idea)

(Internal Preview of SPs) What's included in main point 2?

      A. (Subpoint)

           1. (S-SP)


      B. (Subpoint)



III. (Third Main Point–A Complete sentence) (This is the 3rd set of supporting ideas for your thesis or Central Idea)

(Internal Preview of SPs) What's included in main point 3?

      A. (Subpoint)

      B. (Subpoint)

          1. (S-SP)

          2. (S-SP)

      C. (Subpoint)


(Internal Summary of SPs)








I. (Summary of Main points) Wrap-up all important ideas or the main points covered in your speech.

II. (Memorable Close/Clincher--Tie this back to Intro) Leave your audience a thought provoking statement or question that will make them remember your speech ideas.

In conclusion I will touch upon all the main points in the body of my speech and I will close it with how I feel on the topic.





Use Complete Citations (in APA or MLA format) of sources that you will cite verbally in your speech delivery. Be specific and complete with all citations. Include person’s name and title for an interview or number of people (50 students) for a survey, also include when, and where the interview or survey was conducted.